Data center location Germany receives mediocre marks

The "Data Center Location Index 2021" by the consulting firm Arcadis concludes that Germany offers only mediocre framework conditions for the operation of data centers. Thanks to the high demand for data in Europe, Germany is nevertheless one of the most attractive locations for data centres in Central Europe from an economic perspective.

Insgesamt haben die Analysten die Standortbedingungen in aufstrebenden und bereits etablierten IT-Nationen untersucht. Führend sind im Ranking die U.S.A., gefolgt von Singapur und Japan. Ebenfalls in den Top10 liegen Schweden, Norwegen, Dänemark, die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate, Finnland, Frankreich und die Schweiz. Germany lies with Position 26 behind the United Kingdom (13), Luxembourg (17), the Netherlands (19), Poland (20), Estonia (23), Austria (24) and Russia (25) but ahead of Ireland (28), Lithuania (29) Spain (30), Italy (31), Belgium (32), Iceland (36), Portugal (37) and the Czech Republic (38).

Bewertet wurden die Standorte nach den Art und Kosten der Stromversorgung, der allgemeinen Verlässlichkeit, der Dauer von Genehmigungsprozessen, der Cybersicherheit und den Vorschriften zum Datenschutz sowie dem Schutz der Privatsphäre. Einbezogen wurden außerdem die Betriebskosten, mögliche Umweltfolgen und staatliche Förderungen.

Infrastructure and policy speak for Germany

According to Arcadis, the political and legal aspects as well as the good infrastructure are positive factors in favour of Germany as a location. In addition, high domestic demand and the existing critical applications ensure a high local demand for data. The analysts also cite the stable power supply, the high mobile broadband usage and the increasing share of renewable energies as plus points, which in Germany in 2020 for the first time will be 50 percent exceeded has. Due to the high energy requirements, data center operators are increasingly demanding renewable energies in order to maintain their reputation as a "responsible provider".

The disadvantages for Germany are the high level of bureaucracy and the resulting very slow approval processes as well as the high requirements. Currently, the majority of data centers in Germany are still located in Frankfurt am Main. This is also where the world's largest Internet node, De-Cix, is located, with an average data volume of 6 TBit/s. However, alternative locations are becoming increasingly important in Germany because they offer alternative cooling options and regenerative energies. One example of this is the CO2-positive Windcloud data center in northern Germany.

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