Die Deutsche Telekom hat aktuell nur 2,2 Millionen der 41,5 Millionen Privathaushalte an das Glasfasernetz angeschlossen. Während der Netzetag 2020 kündigte der Konzern deshalb an, die das Ziel haben die „Number one in fiber optics" to become.
To this end, according to recently published details, Telekom wants to provide 1.2 million more households with fiber-optic connections in 2021. By the end of 2021, ten million households will be surfing the Internet at gigabit speeds via fiber optics.
To finance the expansion, an increase in investment from the current maximum of two billion euros per year to a maximum of 2.5 billion euros per year by 2024 is planned. Currently, the investment budget includes not only fiber optics but also super vectoring, a DSL connection that runs over conventional copper cables. In the future, the targeted EUR 2.5 billion per year will then be allocated exclusively to fiber to the home (FTTH) or fiber to the basement (FTTB).
Complete expansion by 2030
Bis Ende 2030 möchte die Telekom alle Haushalte in Deutschland an das Glasfasernetz anbinden. Ob die Menschen tatsächlich einen entsprechenden Vertrag abschließen möchte oder ob die Leitung vorerst nicht genutzt wird, soll beim Ausbau nicht berücksichtigt werden.
In order to be able to realize the complete coverage, cooperations with competitors and other companies are necessary. One option, for example, is the Deutsche Bahn, which has announced that it will be Entire rail network with glass fibre supply. Any capacity not required is to be leased to companies such as Deutsche Telekom.
Cooperation with local network operators
Telekom has also already concluded cooperation agreements with various local network operators. These include the Glasfaser Nordwest joint venture with EWE Tel, and the cooperation with Deutsche Glasfaser in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW). Telekom also recently extended its cooperation with Cologne-based network operator Netcologne by a further ten years.
In the process, the companies also extended their cooperation to the fiber optic network. Both partners grant each other access to their network as part of the agreement. They can thus connect FTTH lines via the partner's infrastructure without having to expand the region themselves. Telekom thus reaches around two million households in the Cologne and Aachen region.
Double gigabit expansion?
Critics of the planned expansion criticize the fact that many of the households that Telekom wants to prioritize for fiber optics by the end of 2024 already have a gigabit connection. Telekom's plans could therefore lead to a "double expansion", while other regions will continue to be supplied only with slow connections.
Telekom's goal is therefore primarily to improve its market share in the profitable metropolitan areas. In rural areas, on the other hand, expansion will initially only take place in areas where there is state support.